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Carpentry
  • Things To Make

    As stated in the Introductory, the purpose of this book is to show how to do the things, and not to draw a picture in order to write a description of it. Merely in the line of suggestion, we give in this chapter views and brief descriptions of...

  • Roofing Trusses

    The chapter on Bridge Building gives some suggestions as to form of trusses, the particular types there shown being principally for wide spans. Such trusses were made for one purpose only, namely, to take great weight, and they were, as a consequence,...

  • 156 convolute (see Also involute)

    Usually employed to designate a wave or folds in opposite directions. A double involute. 157. Conic Section.—Having the form of or resembling a cone. Formed by cutting off a cone at any angle. See line A. 158. Conoid.—Anything...

  • The Carpenter And Architech

    A carpenter has a trade; the architect a profession. It is not to be assumed that one vocation is more honorable than the other. A profession is defined as a calling, or occupation, "if not mechanical, agricultural, or the like," to...

  • Learning Mechanical Forms

    Suppose, for example, we take the words segment and sector. Without a thorough understanding in your own mind you are likely to confuse these terms by taking one for the other. But let us assume you are to be called upon to explain...

  • Bit Braces

    These tools are now made with so many improved features that there is really no excuse for getting poor tools. The illustrations show merely the heads and the lower operating parts of the tools. Fig. 271 shows a metal-clad ball-bearing head, so called,...

  • Braced Collar Beam

    This is a modification of the last type, but is adapted for thick walls only. The tie rod braces (A, A) have to be brought down low to give a good bracing action, and this arrangement is capable of considerable ornamentation. The steeper the pitch...

  • The Work Bench

    In its proper place we show in detail the most approved form of work bench, fitted with a tool rack to hold all the tools, conveniently arranged. In this chapter we are more particularly concerned with the uses of tools than their construction; and we...

  • First Steps

    Now lap together the inner surfaces of these boards (Y, Z), so the ends are toward you, as shown in Fig. 45. Then, after measuring the thickness of the boards to be joined (the thinnest, if they are of different thicknesses), set your compasses, or...

  • Miter Boxes

    The advantages of metal miter boxes is apparent, when accurate work is required. The illustration, Fig. 267, shows a metal tool of this kind, in which the entire frame is in one solid casting. The saw guide uprights are clamped in tapered sockets in...

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Wood Turning
  • Types Of Wooden Structures

    The articles suitable to be made in wood with hand tools may for convenience be divided into four general classes: (1) Unjoined pieces; (2) board structures; (3) panel structures; (4) framed structures. A few illustrations of each class are given below.

    (1)...

  • Wood Finishing

    STAINS.

    The function of stains is to change the color, and to enchance the grain and texture of the wood. Stains may be divided into four general classes, which are not, however, entirely distinct. (1) Oil stains, (2) Water stains, (a) made...

  • Planes

    The plane is a modified chisel. The chief difference in action between a chisel and a plane in paring is this: the back of the chisel lies close down on the surface of the wood that is cut, and acts as a guide; whereas, in the plane, the cutter...

  • Equipment And Care Of The Shop

    Tool equipment. The choice of tools in any particular shop best comes out of long experience. Some teachers prefer to emphasize certain processes or methods, others lay stress on different ones. The following tentative list is suggested for...

  • Dovetail Joints

    "Dovetail" refers to the shape of the projections of one member, when looked at broadside. These projections are called dovetails, or merely tails.

    The projections on the other member are called tenons or pins, and the spaces between both...

  • Wood Hand Tools

    The hand tools in common use in woodworking shops may, for convenience, be divided into the following classes: 1, Cutting; 2, Boring; 3, Chopping; 4, Scraping; 5, Pounding; 6, Holding; 7, Measuring and Marking; 8, Sharpening; 9, Cleaning.

    1....

  • Measuring And Marking Tools

    It is a long step from the time when one inch meant the width of the thumb, and one foot meant the length of the foot, to the measuring of distances and of angles which vary almost infinitesimally. No such accuracy is necessary in measuring wood as...

  • Logging

    The rough and ready methods common in American logging operations are the result partly of a tradition of inexhaustible supply, partly of the fear of fire and the avoidance of taxes, partly of an eagerness to get rich quick. Most of the logging has...

  • Tool Processes In Spindle Turning

    Exercise A-I--1-a. Straight Cuts

    1. THE ROUGHING CUT (LARGE GOUGE).

    FIG. 4. Place the gouge on the rest so that the level is above the wood and the cutting edge is tangent to the circle...

  • Sawmilling

    The principal saws in a mill are of three kinds, the circular, Fig. 32, the gang, Fig. 33, and the band, Fig. 34. The circular-saw, tho very rapid, is the most wasteful because of the wide kerf, and of course the larger the saw the thicker it is and...

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Handwork
  • Planes

    The plane is a modified chisel. The chief difference in action between a chisel and a plane in paring is this: the back of the chisel lies close down on the surface of the wood that is cut, and acts as a guide; whereas, in the plane, the cutter...

  • $400 Tool Equipment

    INDIVIDUAL TOOLS.

    ...

  • Cutting Tools

    The most primitive as well as the simplest of all tools for the dividing of wood into parts, is the wedge. The wedge does not even cut the wood, but only crushes enough of it with its edge to allow its main body to split the wood apart. As soon as the...

  • Beveled Joints

    A beveled joint is made by beveling the members so that the plane of the joint bisects the angle at which the members meet. This is called the "miter" and may be 45 degrees or any other angle. It is a neat but weak joint unless reinforced by a spline,...

  • Measuring And Marking Tools

    It is a long step from the time when one inch meant the width of the thumb, and one foot meant the length of the foot, to the measuring of distances and of angles which vary almost infinitesimally. No such accuracy is necessary in measuring wood as...

  • Logging

    The rough and ready methods common in American logging operations are the result partly of a tradition of inexhaustible supply, partly of the fear of fire and the avoidance of taxes, partly of an eagerness to get rich quick. Most of the logging has...

  • Sawmilling

    The principal saws in a mill are of three kinds, the circular, Fig. 32, the gang, Fig. 33, and the band, Fig. 34. The circular-saw, tho very rapid, is the most wasteful because of the wide kerf, and of course the larger the saw the thicker it is and...

  • Polishes

    There are three principal forms of wood polishes, each of which has its virtues and defects. They are: (a) oil, (b) wax, (c) the varnishes.

    (a) Oil. The great advantage of oil polishing is its permanence. It will stand both wetting...

  • Saws

    Fig. 86. Hand Saw.

    Fig. 86. Hand Saw.

    The object of the saw is to cut thru a piece of material along a determined line. Its efficiency depends upon (1)...

  • Mortise-and-tenon Joints

    The tenon in its simplest form is made by dividing the end of a piece of wood into three parts and cutting out rectangular pieces on both sides of the part left in the middle. The mortise is the rectangular hole cut to receive the tenon and is made...

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    Furniture Making
    • The 40 Styles Of Chairs

      There are 40 distinct styles of chairs embracing the period from 3000 B.C. to 1900 A.D.—nearly 7,000 years. Of all the millions of chairs made during the centuries, each one can be classified under one or more of the 40 general styles shown in...

    • Another Style Of Mission Chair

      The material necessary to make a mission chair as shown in the accompanying illustration may be secured from a planing mill with all four surfaces squared and sandpapered. The mill can do this work quickly and the expense will be nothing compared with...

    • A Folding Card Table

      The accompanying sketch shows the details of a card table that can be folded up and carried about or stored away when not in use. We would advise making two tables at the same time, as the material for both can be purchased nearly as cheaply as for...

    • How To Make A Mission Library Table

      The mission library table, the drawings for which are here given, has been found well proportioned and of pleasing appearance. It can be made of any of the several furniture woods in common use, such as selected, quarter-sawed white oak which will be...

    • A Plain Oak Hall Clock

      The hall clock shown in the illustration should be made of plain oak. The following pieces will be needed to make it:

      • 2 back posts, 1-1/2 by 1-1/2 by 81 in., S-4-S.
      • 2 front posts, 1-1/2 by 1-1/2 by 21 in., S-4-S.
      • ...

      • How To Make A Roll Top Desk

        The Desk Complete

        The materials for this roll top desk can be purchased from a mill dressed and sandpapered so the hardest part of the work will be finished. The...

      • How To Make And Finish A Magazine Stand

        For the magazine stand shown herewith there will be needed the following pieces:

        • 1 top, 7/8 in. by 15-1/2 in. by 16-1/2 in.
        • 1 shelf, 7/8 in. by 11-1/2 in. by 12-1/2 in.
        • 1 shelf, 7/8 in. by 12-1/2 in. by 14-3/4...

        • A Dresser For Child's Playroom

          This dresser can be made of two kinds of wood as marked on the drawing or it can be made all of one kind. The original dresser was made of oak and walnut and was finished natural, the contrast between the light and dark woods adding much to the value...

        • How To Make A Morris Chair

          The stock necessary to make a morris chair of craftsman design as shown in the engraving can be purchased mill-planed and sandpapered on four sides as given in the following list:

          • 4 posts 1-3/4 by 3 by 26 in.
          • 2 front and...

          • An Oak Buffet

            Finished Buffet
            Details of Buffet

            The accompanying sketch and...

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    24 Manual Training School Benches, H. & S. "L," @ $8.50. $204.00
    24